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FORMAKERS will take advantage of the "digital fabrication REvolution". We publish projects of urban design/ architectural research/ fashion design/ 3d print/ parametric design / architecture model /photography and much more.FORMAKERS invites architects, designers, artists, students, scientists and individuals of all backgrounds to explore, research and investigate new design paradigms and urban visions.

21FEB 2015

Genetic Design / Fabhouse

Posted in Architecture - Pavilion by * FORMAKERS

Fabhouse is a digitally designed and fabricated house almost fully produced and assembled on site.

© Genetic Design
Except for a few elements, everything is produced on a CNC router, including tables, sinks and molds for the concrete ramp. The idea was to build Denmark's first Fab lab and to do so using the equipment related to digital fabrication.

As a base of the project a 3D CAD model was used to translate the initial design into a detailed, complex, parametric 3D model.

© Genetic Design
The model was used to for analysis in order to generate the building elements and it worked as manual for the construction.

© Genetic Design
There were no traditional construction drawings, sections or plans produced prior to the construction process, as the complexity of the form had to be observed and understood in 3D at all times. Instead there was a laptop on the site with the 3D model, where the constructors could get all the information they needed.

© Genetic Design
All the building elements are digital objects converted into physical building components through the CNC router, as every 3D object was numbered and converted directly into 2D production drawings.

© Genetic Design
In that way we moved a lot of the crafting and detailing into to the digital process (production). Therefore the construction process is more comparable to assembling an IKEA product, rather than the traditional way of constructing a house.

© Genetic Design
The bearing structure is made of CNC milled laminated wooden boards, and the frame structure is a wooden grid made out of OSB.

© Genetic Design
One of the objectives with the project was also to test new sustainable alternatives to traditional building materials.

© Genetic Design
Therefore the house is insulated with seaweed and the interior cladding is milled out of fiberboards made out of wastepaper. We used 6 tons seaweed for insulation, more than 200 milled OSB sheets for the frame structure and facade cladding, 120 fiber sheets for interior cladding and 65 sheets of Kerto-Q cross-laminated wood for the bearing structure.

© Genetic Design
To provide additional source of electricity, ten solar panels were placed on a warehouse nearby and since there is no sewer system a biological cleaning system was placed below the house trough which the waste water filters before it oozes into the soil below.

© Genetic Design
Due to a low budget on the project, we were forced to take advantage of the evolution and accessibility of digital design and production tools. The CNC router used for the project is an open source homemade machine, by tweaking the design and modifying it, we were able to maximize the number of elements produced for the house on the machine.

© Genetic Design
Windows were one of the major elements in the budget, as we weren’t able to produce them by our selves, meaning that we had to keep the windows area as low as possible.

© Genetic Design
Therefore we used the 3D CAD model to make a solar analysis, in order to place the limited window area strategically. By using an evolutionary optimization process, we were able to place the windows in the areas, which would give the biggest amount of daylight in the building.

© Genetic Design
The Fabhouse project was never intended to be a house in traditional terms, but rather a 1:1 scale prototype.

© Genetic Design
The shaping of the form was intentionally challenging the possibilities of 2D production and construction logics in order to show how far you can go with affordable software and machinery.

© Genetic Design
It was a low budget project aiming to show that digital design, production and the accessibility of the tools have made complexity affordable and even easy to build..

© Genetic Design

Næstved Mucipality and Realdania

Design team:
Architects: Genetic Design Location: Næstved, Denmark Architect In Charge: Morten Bülow Team: Marko Vukovic, Margarita Issabel Huszár, Giota Banioti, Chrisa Karakana, Javier González Rivero, Mohamad Ghamlouch and Andres Briceño.

Engineer: Nielsen & Risager and Vortica.CED

Margarita Issabel Huszár



Website (references):

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